Milenko Janković
College of Professional Studies for Education of Teachers Novi Sad, Serbia.
indent Abstract
Meta-analysis carried out for the purposes of investigating motor abilities and morphological characteristics showed differences between boys and girls ages 6 and 7 years old. The analyses were carried out for 5 anthropometric and 7 motor variables, and the sample taken for analysis was 1000 respondents for each variable respectively. The results showed that boys were taller and heavier and the girls had more body fat. The investigation of motor skills showed that boys are better at the variables used to assess coordination in young children (Obstacle course backwards, 20-m dash and Standing long jump), while girls achieved better results in the variable which is used for estimating flexibility (Standing bend forward). In other motor variables there were signifi cant differences between boys and girls, which confirms the results of previous studies of the quantitative gender-related differences and points to possible solutions for an improvement of coordination in girls and flexibility in boys.
Adam Petrović
University of Belgrade, Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, Belgrade, Serbia.
indent Abstract
The basic aim of this research is to point to the possible language, logical and knowledge problems in interpretation and understanding of basic concepts in theories of motor abilities (TMA). Such manner of review is not directed only to „mere understanding“, it can lead to a new growth of scientific knowledge. Accordingly, the research question is set, i.e. the research issue: Is there a language, logical and knowledge agreement between basic concepts in the theories of human motor abilities? The answer to the set question direct that a more complete agreement between the basic concepts in the theories of human motor abilities should be searched in a scientific dialog between researchers of various beliefs.
Fahrudin Mavrić, Izet Kahrović, Benin Murić, Oliver Radenković. State University at Novi Pazar,
Department of Biomedical Sciences, Sport and Physical Education Program, Novi Pazar, Serbia.
indent Abstract
Regular physical activities should be an integral part of an active lifestyle and the proper use of one’s time. Programs including such activities are more effectively being applied in the prevention and elimination of health problems, especially those that are the result of decreased movement, inadequate nutrition and excessive nervous tension. Numerous studies have revealed new information about the link between physical activity and quality of life. Each person would have to be involved in physical activity of moderate intensity most days for 30 to 60 minutes, because active people are more healthier and have higher endurance levels, have a positive attitude towards work and cope with everyday stress better. Activity helps you look better, makes you happier and more vital. Studies have clearly shown that physical activity affects health and reduces the risk of many diseases. An active life increases energy, vitality, helps change bad habits, improves health, and strengthens one’s energy and desire for life. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of regular physical activity on the human body. The subject matter of this study is the collection and analysis of results which the authors of various studies have obtained. The reviewed literature was collected using a web browser, and consisted of research work available in the Kobson database, through Google Scholar and in journals available in the field of sports science. The method of treatment is descriptive because the studies involved a variety of training programs, people of different ages, and tests carried out by different measuring instruments, so there is no possibility of a comparison of the results by other means.
Sanja Mandarić, Veljko Delibašić.
University of Belgrade, Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, Serbia; Lawyer from Belgrade, Serbia.
indent Abstract
Top-level sport imposes new and more demanding physical and psychological pressures, and the desire for competing, winning and self-assertion leads athletes into temptation to use prohibited substances in order to achieve the best possible results. Regardless of the fact that the adverse consequences of prohibited substances are well-known, prestige and the need to dominate sports arenas have led to their use in sports. Doping is one of the biggest issues in sport today, and the fight against it is a strategic objective on both global and national levels. World Anti-Doping Agency, the International Olympic Committee, international sports federations, national anti-doping agencies, national sports federations, as well as governments and their repressive apparatuses are all involved in the fight against doping in sport. This paper points to a different etymology and phenomenology of doping, the beginnings of doping in sport, sports doping scandals as well as the most important international instruments regulating this issue. Also, there is a special reference in this paper to the criminal and misdemeanor sanctions for doping in sport. In Serbia doping in sport is prohibited by the Law on Prevention of Doping in Sports which came into force in 2005 and which prescribes the measures and activities aimed at prevention of doping in sport. In this context, the law provides for the following three criminal offenses: use of doping substances, facilitating the use of doping substances, and unauthorized production and putting on traffic of doping substances. In addition, aiming at curbing the abuse of doping this law also provides for two violations. More frequent and repetitive doping scandals indicate that doping despite long-standing sanctions is still present in sports, which suggests that sanctions alone have not given satisfactory results so far.
B. Paugschova, T. Gabrys, U. Szmatlan-Gabrys, M. Ozimek. M. Pupiš, Ludmila Jančokova, R. Pavlović. Matej Bel Univ.Slovakia; Univ.of Physical Education, Poland; Academy of Physical Education, Poland; Univ.of East Sarajevo, BIH.
indent Abstract
Coordination plays an important role in solving complex physical activities which arise during a biathlon race. We determined the level of coordination skills by measuring the time of a simple reaction to visual stimulus at rest by measuring the time response of complex reaction to visual stimuli by measuring the effect of visual-motor coordination (part of orientation skills – test Piórkowski) and by measuring the effect of visual-motor coordination (part of orientation skills – test Krzyżowy). In addition, we conducted a test of the simple and complex reaction after a short-term and long-term exercise. Among the tested sportswomen, the best results, both at rest and after exercise, have achieved twos Slovak athletes. Both results were above-average and slightly above-average. In order to develop physical coordination, we recommend biathletes to execute: the already known workout in different environmental conditions, while practicing new coordination exercises especially systematics not focusing on their maximum improvement but to gain general skills for practice while implementing them in the first part of the training.
V. Jakovljević, A. Ljubojević, T. Karalić, N. Gerdijan, Ž. Vukić.
University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Republic of Srpska, BIH.
indent Abstract
On a sample of 71 respondents, 37 boys and 34 girls, age of fourth grade elementary school, accordingly 9 years +/- 6 months, it is assessed correlation and prediction of maximal oxygen consumption based measures of morphological range. Maximum oxygen consumption was measured by indirect method, using a field test of maximal multiple load of feedback running at 20 meters. Range of morphology was analyzed based on 5 measures of longitudinal dimensionality, 4 measures of volume and body mass and 3 measures of transversal dimensionality. Results of correlation analysis showed that in both sexes there was no statistically significant correlation between results of maximal oxygen consumption and measures of longitudinal dimensionality, while regression analysis confirmed that there was no statistically significant prediction of maximum oxygen consumption based on measures of longitudinal dimensionality. While the correlation analysis deduced that part of volume measures and body mass and transversal dimensionality have statistically significant correlation only with female respondents with results of maximal oxygen consumption. Regression analysis showed statistically significant prediction of maximal oxygen consumption based on part of volume measures and body mass and transversal dimensionality. It is determined that female respondents with larger volumes of the thigh and lower leg, accordingly with smaller diameters of knee joint and ankle joint most likely will achieve better results in applied test, and therefore higher maximal oxygen consumption.
Ivan Zarić
WBC "Red star" Belgrade, Serbia.
indent Abstract
The aim of the study was to determine changes in motor and functional skills of women basketball players caused by the influence of six-week training process. Six-week training process (pre-season period of the junior female national basketball team of Serbia for European Championship) lasted 43 days, involved 53 workouts and 8 matches. The subjects sample included 13 basketball players, average age 17.76 (±0.43). The first testing was conducted at the beginning of the training program and the second at the end of the program that lasted six weeks. Special tests have been used to assess the following abilities: speed, strength, agility, flexibility and endurance. The research findings show that between the arithmetic mean of initial and final testing, in almost all the tests (Sit and Reach, 10 m Sprint, 10 m Flying sprint, 20 m Sprint, T-test, Half-squat jump, YO YO intermittent test) there is a statistically significant difference (p<0.01), while in tests- Counter Movement Jump and Vertical Jump there is a positive difference that is not statistically significant.
N. Bollas, I. Juhas, N. Janković, M. Matić.
High School in Seres, Greece; University of Belgrade, Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, Serbia.
indent Abstract
Running at an even pace is, in both physical and tactical aspect, an essential factor when achieving good results in middle and long distance races. The appropriate strategy for running a tactically effective race starts by selecting the optimal running speed. Two models of training lasting for six weeks were applied on the group of subjects (N=43) composed of students from the Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, University of Belgrade. The aim of the study was to determine how the applied models of training would affect the deviations of running speed from the mean values in 2400m races when running for the best result and also, how the applied models of training would affect the improvement of aerobic capacities, showed through maximal oxygen uptake. The analysis of the obtained results showed that no statistically significant differences in the average deviations of running speed from the mean values in 2400m races were recorded in any of the experimental groups either in the initial (G1=2.44±1.74 % and G2=1±0.75 %) or the final measurements (G1=3.72±3.69 % and G2=4.57±3.63 %). Although there were no statistically significant differences after training stimulus in either final measurements, the subjects achieved better result, that is, they improved the running speed in the final (G1=4.12±0.48 m/s and G2=4.23±0.31 m/s) as compared with the initial measurement (G1=3.7±0.36 m/s and G2=3.84±0.38 m/s). The results of the study showed that in both groups, there was a statistically significant improvement in the final measurement (G1=56.05±6.91 ml/kg/min and G2=59.55±6.95 ml/kg/min) as compared to the initial measurement (G1=53.71±7.23 ml/kg/min and G2=54.58±6.49 ml/kg/min) regarding the maximal oxygen uptake so that both training models have a significant effect on this variable. The results obtained could have a significant contribution when working with students and school population, assuming that in the lessons of theory and practical teaching they are first educated and then, over a relatively extended period of time, are enabled to develop their own ‘sense of space and time’ with an aim to increase the efficiency of running in middle and long distance races, which in the end manifests itself through achieving better results.
Miodrag Stepanović, Pavle Vračarić.
Gimnazija Smederevo, Serbia; Magazine "Oko sokolovo", Serbia.
indent Intro
This year, on March 3rd (2014) a promotion of the monographic publication “Falconry in Smederevo, 101 years of falconry and 128 years of gymnastics (1885 - 2013)” by the author PhD. Vladan Vukasinović, was held in Smederevo. The monograph was published for the occasion of a very important sports jubilee celebration in Smederevo and of the Falcon Association “Smederevo” – a century of falconry in Smederevo. With personal pleasure and professional liability, we have accepted to be reviewers of this pub­lication and to write a review of the book written by the author Vladan M. Vukašinović, for this magazine.
Prof. dr Petar Sedić (1932-2014)
indent Intro
Professor Petar Sedić, a prominent Yugoslav and Serbian athlete, sport worker and pedagogue, and a retired university professor passed away in Belgrade on Tuesday, February 4th, at the age of 82 and was buried on Friday, February 7th 2014 in the Lešće cemetery.
The farewell ceremony for the distinguished professor of Belgrade Faculty of Sport and Physical Education was attended by many citizens of Belgrade, relatives, friends and acquaintances. On behalf of his colleagues, staff and students of the Faculty, and his former students, prof. Vladan Vukašinović made a last farewell to the eternal path of peace and tranquillity.